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phobia is greater than fear It can serve a protective purpose, that feel  us of danger and preparing us to deal with it, or it can be disruptive.

Social Phobia

social phobia



Social Phobia:  Intense, irrational fear of being observed, evaluated, humiliated, or embarrassed by others (e.g., shyness, eating, or speaking in public)

Those with social phobia avoid social situations, such as eating, writing, or speaking in public. 

Social phobias impair functioning at work, at school, and in personal relationships.

Estimate that 13% of all adults affected by social phobias at some time.  Examples:  Barbra Streisand, Woody Allen perhaps





AgoraphobiaIntense, irrational fear that a panic attack will occur in a public place or in an unfamiliar situation

  • Intense fear of leaving the house or entering unfamiliar situations
  • Can be very crippling
  • Literally means fear of open places or market (agora)
  • Can occur with or without accompany panic disorder.


Panic Disorder:  A chronic state of anxiety with brief moments of sudden, intense, unexpected panic (panic attack)

Panic Attack: Feels like one is having a heart attack, going to die, or is going insane.  Symptoms include vertigo, chest pain, choking, fear of losing control 

Generalized Anxiety Disorder 


Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): Duration of at least six months of chronic, unrealistic, or excessive anxiety

Symptoms:  sweating, racing heart, clammy hands, dizziness, upset stomach, rapid breathing, irritability, poor concentration.

More common in women than in men.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Extreme preoccupation with certain thoughts and compulsive performance of certain behaviors

Obsession: Recurring images or thoughts that a person cannot prevent.

  • Cause anxiety and extreme discomfort
  • Enter into consciousness against the person’s will
  • Most common: Being dirty, wondering if you performed an action (turned off the stove), or worrying about violence (being hit by a car)

Compulsion: Irrational acts that person feels compelled to repeat against his/her will

  • Help to control anxiety created by obsessions
  • Most compulsions involve either checking or cleaning something.

Mood Disorders

Mood Disorders:  Major disturbances in emotion, such as depression or mania

Depressive Disorders: Sadness or despondency that are prolonged, exaggerated, or unreasonable

Bipolar Disorders: Involve both depression and mania or hypomania



The Most Severe Disorder

Schizophrenia: Psychotic disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, apathy, thinking abnormalities, and “split” between thoughts and emotions

Does NOT refer to having split or multiple personalities

Four Types of Schizophrenia


Disorganized Type: Incoherence, grossly disorganized behavior, bizarre thinking, and flat or inappropriate emotions

Catatonic Type: Marked by stupor, unresponsiveness, posturing, and mutism

Paranoid Type: Preoccupation with delusions; also involves hallucinations that are related to a single theme, especially grandeur or persecution

Undifferentiated Type: Any type of schizophrenia that does not have paranoid, catatonic, or disorganized features or symptoms

Causes of Schizophrenia

Psychological Trauma: Psychological injury or shock, often caused by violence, abuse, or neglect

Disturbed Family Environment: Stressful or unhealthy family relationships, communication patterns, and emotional atmosphere

Deviant Communication Patterns: Cause guilt, anxiety, anger, confusion, and turmoil

Stress-Vulnerability Hypothesis: Combination of environmental stress and inherited susceptibility cause schizophrenic disorders

Biochemical Causes

Biochemical Abnormality: Disturbance in brain’s chemical systems or in the brain’s neurotransmitters

Dopamine: Neurotransmitter involved with emotions and muscle movement.  Works in limbic system

Dopamine overactivity in brain may be related to schizophrenia



THE afraid of spider when you saw a spider you shout 


The phobia of losing someone you love worried about thier life



THANATOPHOBIA FEAR OF DYING causes fear panic attack afraid of using the word death cant see death sence getting afraid of lossing life causes chest pain rapid hear attack feeling hot and cold in body these are all the sign of Thanatophobia

Stop Anxiety & Panic Attacks  click here 

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